The digital method, however, uses varying quantities of the solved problem as numerical values that are further changed by modeling functions to computer simulations. In our case, digital modelers apply the wave-function data of particles and forces to a mathematical matrix-that is, a physical field-and add to it other mathematical descriptions, thus modeling them using other mathematical tools. Hence, digital modeling is more mathematical than the physical, although it is termed "quantum physics." Its proponents call the product of digital modeling the Standard Model.
From a physical viewpoint, we can say that the basic tool used to create the Standard Model of Particles and Forces is String Theory. However, mathematicians quickly omitted the fundamental object of nature that led to the modeling in the first place: the elemental string itself! Having ignored the first step, they have started from the second - elasticity. Abandoning the real objects allows them to project any particle if only follows initial conditions, as are wave functions; neither forces need objects to exist, they may be just products math functions and someone's prejudice.
In this book, I attempt to restore the first step of physical modeling, in an effort to maintain the concept of a string as a real object at the smallest miclevel. The difference between the two theories can best be understood by using the example of a guitar. A guitar string is tuned by stretching the string under tension. Different musical notes are created by the motion of the string as it is plucked. These musical notes are excitation modes of that string under tension. The digital model of particles and forces is developed only from the "musical notes" of elementary strings, and that is why they get many variations. You see, the fundamental particles of nature don't really exist for the proponents of the Standard Model: they are simply the wave functions in various configurations derived from these "sounds." Thus, they see our material world as a human belief, since everything visible arises from the invisible wave-function energies.
My version of String Theory postulates an actual, physical string, something like the stretched string across a guitar, as the subatomic object on which physics is based. In other words, I have applied the physics of strings in the macro-world to sub-microscopic-level objects the size of fundamental strings. The environment in which strings interact I will call the String World. Since physicists have estimated the smallest possible length of measurement as roughly 1.6 x 10-35 meters, the Planck length, then String Theory probably works with particles of this size. Because the elementary particles of the known world are roughly 10-15 m in size, then the elementary particles of the String World should be 1020 times smaller.
The existence of strings as the smallest particles of matter has been physically confirmed. We can model a photon, for example, as a vibrating string propagating through space. Thanks to the interactions of photons with material objects, we can see those material objects. This is how we register the material world, which is why we also call it the visible world. Material things, of course, also produce strings. Free neutrons produce strings during their decay into protons, electrons, and neutrinos. The primary items of the collisions of protons in CERN's collider are moving strings from which photons are registered. Objects are made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons arranged into atoms, which when excited produce photons--moving strings--that we can use to identify chemical elements with a high degree of accuracy. And so on. In nature, we can observe strings that first lengthen and then shorten in one dimension, something like macro-world springs or, even better, elastic strings. Let's call such strings longitudinal strings, and take a closer look at their characteristics.